Wildfires are a significant agent that changes the open landscape, natural forest and planted forest in Israel. In the last decades there is an increase in the number of forest fires, which produces a rising interest in forest management.
Mt. Carmel is an isolated mountain ridge, rising from the northern Mediterranean Sea shore of Israel to a height of 500 m above sea level. Fires on Mt. Carmel have been playing an ecological role. In last 3 decades more than 600 smaller fires occur in the Carmel area and 10 fires were larger than 100 ha. In 2-6 December 2010 the largest forest fire that was ever recorded in Israel occurred on Mt. Carmel.
Right after the fire the appointed committee nominates small subcommittees of scientists, experts from the agriculture ministry and management people from the Israeli Nature and National Parks Protection Authority (INPA) and from the Jewish National Fund (KKL) to deal with subjects such as: vegetation management; fuelbreaks lines; grazing; thinning and pruning.
Almost four months after the fire, a management program is now taking its route the Committee has designated for managing and rehabilitating the post-fire Carmel’s ecosystem. From both anthropogenic and eco-morphological aspects the rehabilitation process will last for a long period.