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Post fire management program after the December 2010 fire Mt. Carmel forest, Israel
Published on: 28.4.2011
  First publish: 11.04.2011
Naama Tessler1, Natan Elbaz2, Didi Kaplan2, Yehoshua Shkedy2, Ben Rosenberg2, Eyal Cohen2, Lea Wittenberg1 and Noam Greenbaum1,3
1. Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Haifa, Israel.
2. Israeli Nature and National Parks Protection Authority
3. Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, University of Haifa, Israel

Wildfires are a significant agent that changes the open landscape, natural forest and planted forest in Israel. In the last decades there is an increase in the number of forest fires, which produces a rising interest in forest management.

Mt. Carmel is an isolated mountain ridge, rising from the northern Mediterranean Sea shore of Israel to a height of 500 m above sea level. Fires on Mt. Carmel have been playing an ecological role. In last 3 decades more than 600 smaller fires occur in the Carmel area and 10 fires were larger than 100 ha. In 2-6 December 2010 the largest forest fire that was ever recorded in Israel occurred on Mt. Carmel.

Right after the fire the appointed committee nominates small subcommittees of scientists, experts from the agriculture ministry and management people from the Israeli Nature and National Parks Protection Authority (INPA) and from the Jewish National Fund (KKL) to deal with subjects such as: vegetation management; fuelbreaks lines; grazing; thinning and pruning.

Almost four months after the fire, a management program is now taking its route the Committee has designated for managing and rehabilitating the post-fire Carmel’s ecosystem. From both anthropogenic and eco-morphological aspects the rehabilitation process will last for a long period.

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